Neuropsicología de la empatía

Autores/as

  • Sara Raquel Romero Godoy Máster en Neuropsicología Clínica. ATEN-D

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14198/DCN.2015.2.1.02

Palabras clave:

Empatía, Emociones, Neuropsicología, Función Ejecutiva, Neuronas Espejo

Resumen

La empatía ha sido ampliamente estudiada por numerosas disciplinas a lo largo de la historia, pero a pesar de ello en la actualidad no hay una base clara y unificada de lo que es la empatía y las bases neuronales de la misma. Objetivo: Unificar los diferentes conceptos de empatía y revisar las distintas bases neuronales descubiertas hasta la actualidad con la finalidad de poder recopilar, esclarecer y sintetizar todos los descubrimientos. Con ello se pretende alcanzar una visión clara y concisa de lo que es la empatía y que mecanismos anatomofisiológicos son los encargados de la misma. Desarrollo: La visión actual de la empatía es multidimensional, estando integrada por un componente afectivo, las neuronas espejo principalmente, y por un componente cognitivo, que es la Teoría de la Mente. Conclusión: El componente afectivo está constituido por una cadena de neuronas espejo que es el componente esencial y en el que participa la imitación, la comprensión y el lenguaje. El componente cognitivo está ligado a la corteza prefrontal principalmente y a la encrucijada temporo-parietal (en adelante ETP).

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Publicado

15-07-2015

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1.
Romero Godoy SR. Neuropsicología de la empatía. DCN [Internet]. 15 de julio de 2015 [citado 21 de marzo de 2023];2(1):11-23. Disponible en: https://revistes.ua.es/dcn/article/view/2015-n1-neuropsicologia-de-la-esclerosis-multiple

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