Revista de Discapacidad, Clínica y Neurociencias

Relación entre empatía y altruismo en madres de niños con trastorno del espectro autista y discapacidad intelectual

Nemati Shahrooz, Nazila Shojaeian, Richard Lynn, Abbas Ali Hosseinkhanzadeh, Araam Katurani, Isan Khiabani

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/DCN.21915

Resumen

El objetivo del presente estudio de investigación fue investigar la relación entre empatía, autocompasión y altruismo en madres de niños con Trastorno del Espectro Autista y discapacidad intelectual. Método: se seleccionaron 161 participantes por muestreo de conveniencia. Se implementaron los inventarios de autocompasión, empatía y altruismo de formato abreviado. Resultados: El coeficiente de correlación de Pearson y el análisis de regresión múltiple revelaron que existe una relación directa entre empatía, autocompasión y altruismo. Conclusión: la empatía es una capacidad compleja que permite a las personas comprender los estados emocionales de los demás y da como resultado un comportamiento compasivo. La empatía requiere capacidades cognitivas, emocionales, conductuales y morales para comprender y responder al sufrimiento de los demás. La compasión es una respuesta adecuada a la percepción del sufrimiento de los demás. Además, la compasión no puede existir sin empatía; son parte del mismo continuo de respuesta y percepción el cual permite a los seres humanos pasar de la observación a la acción. Parece que el cuidado materno, junto con la esperanza de que un niño con discapacidad intelectual viva de forma independiente, proporciona las bases necesarias para la empatía, la autocompasión y el altruismo.

Palabras clave

Madres; Autismo; Discapacidad intelectual y del desarrollo; Empatía; Autocompasión; Altruismo

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/DCN.21915

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